Moritz Blanck-Lubarsch, Deiter Dirksen, Reinhold Feldman, Cristina Sauerland, Christian Kirschneck, Ariane Hohoff (Jan 4 2019) ‘3D Analysis of Philtrum Depth in Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.’ Alcohol and Alcoholism
Rampoldi A, Singh M, Qingling Wu Q et al (14 Feb 2019) ‘Cardiac Toxicity from Ethanol Exposure in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes’ Toxicological Sciences
In Australia, over 250,000 births occur each year and with 50 per cent of pregnancies proposed to be unplanned and as many as 60% of women consuming some amount of alcohol from the time of conception to confirmation of pregnancy, the risk of adverse fetal outcomes and neurodevelopmental impairment is very real. If US estimates are applied, (midpoint 3.6% of general population), more than 83,000 individuals could be affected and most will be undiagnosed. FASD has been estimated to affect 2.4% to 4.8% (midpoint, 3.6%) of the general population (May et al, 2014). This year, a global estimate is predicted at 119,000 children born annually with fetal alcohol exposure (Popova et al 2017). 
 Popova S. et al. (2017) ‘Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.’ The Lancet Global Health.