Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome.

Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome. A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero indicates there’s no safe limit of alcohol exposure for pregnant mothers.

OPINION: This twin study validates the precautionary prevention message. There are risks factors at play and the only one that is certain is no alcohol in pregnancy equals no risk. REPLY: FASD Prevention Conversation: Which we think is also an important reminder that the effects a child experiences isn’t just determined by how much mom drank – for some women even small amounts can have a great impact. One more reason to stand against the stigma women experience.

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Natural selection in the womb can explain health problems in adulthood

Science Direct  (4 December 2018)  Conditions encountered in the womb can have life-long impact on health. Scientists previously assumed this is because embryos respond to adverse conditions by programming their gene expression. Now scientists report a radically different alternative. Rather than being programmed by the environment, random differences in gene expression may provide some embryos with a survival advantage. The researchers found that a specific part of the DNA methylation pattern was missing among famine-exposed individuals.    Source:  Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. Link to article here…

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A Multicountry Updated Assessment of the Economic Impact of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Costs for Children and Adults

Greenmyer JR; Klug MG; Kambeitz C; Popova S & Burd L (November 2018) The mean annual cost for children with FASD was estimated to be $22,810 and for adults $24,308. Residential costs for children with FASD were 4-fold greater than for adults with FASD. The costs of lost productivity for adults were 6.3-fold greater than for children. In Journal of Addiction Medicine. 12(6):466–473, NOV 2018. Link to article here…    

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