Astley Hemmingway S, Davies JK, Jirikowic, T & Olson E (6 July 2020) ‘What proportion of the brain structural and functional abnormalities observed among children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is explained by their prenatal alcohol exposure and their other prenatal and postnatal risks?’ Advances in Pediatric Research Astley-Hemingway et al 2020
Brian P Dunleavy (6 August 2020) CDC: 20% of U.S. women drink early in pregnancy. UPI Health
NIAAA (July 2020) Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Latest research projects and resources. National Institute of Health USA.
National Post (Apr 2019) ‘Canadian study identifies five most vulnerable groups for FASD’. The study identified five high-prevalence groups: children in care; people in correctional service custody; people in special education services; people using specialized services for developmental disabilities or psychiatric care; and Indigenous populations.
Moore E & Riley EP (24 July 2015) ‘What Happens When Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Become Adults.’ US National Library of Medicine
Judith Duffy (March 3 2019) ‘172,000 innocent victims of Scotland’s problem drinking.’ Sunday Post (Dundee). In Press Reader
CTV News (March 4 2019) ‘Studies suggest link between drinking during pregnancy, child mental health issues’.
Mary Ward (Feb 26 2019) ‘Mothers return to pre-pregnancy drinking within five years: study’. Brisbane Times.
Chen Zhang, Angelina Paolozza, Po-He Tseng, James N. Reynolds, Douglas P. Munoz and Laurent Itti (Feb 18 2019) ‘Detection of Children/Youth With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Through Eye Movement, Psychometric, and Neuroimaging Data’. Front. Neurol., 18 February 2019 |
Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome. A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero indicates there’s no safe limit of alcohol exposure for pregnant mothers.
OPINION: This twin study validates the precautionary prevention message. There are risks factors at play and the only one that is certain is no alcohol in pregnancy equals no risk. REPLY: FASD Prevention Conversation: Which we think is also an important reminder that the effects a child experiences isn’t just determined by how much mom drank – for some women even small amounts can have a great impact. One more reason to stand against the stigma women experience.